A computer system to detect biomarkers of pancreatic cancer

The image represents obtaining data from the platforms used. / UGR

A new advanced computer system unifies the information of the possible biomarkers of pancreatic cancer, optimizing its detection. The main problem posed by this tumor is its late diagnosis, since in 80% of cases the disease is identified when patients are already in a very advanced or metastatic state.

A multidisciplinary team of scientists from the departments of Architecture and Computer Technology and Anatomy and Human Embryology ...

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Discovered a fundamental mechanism to repair damaged nerves

Spontaneous repair of peripheral nerves is possible thanks to Schwann cells. / Pixabay

Unlike what happens with the spinal cord after an injury, the peripheral nerves – which innervate the muscles and make their movement possible have a significant ability to ‘self-repair’. However, it is a slow process that can fail and leave sequels. Neurosciences Institute of Alicante have taken an important step to facilitate this repair process.

After an injury, the final part of the peripheral nerves undergoes a specialized biological ...

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New therapy for bone regeneration

José Antonio Rodríguez (third from the right) with researchers from the CIMA Cardiovascular Disease Program who have participated in the work. / Manuel Castells

Spanish researchers have developed a strategy based on biomaterials and therapeutic proteins to regenerate bones. The results, published in Drug Delivery, have been tested in experimental models in order to enhance the reparative response of bone morphogenetic protein 2 and increase the rate of bone mineralization.

Scientists from the Center for Applied Medical Research (CIMA) ...

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Robert Hooke

Formed at the University of Oxford, Robert Hooke collaborated in the heart of this institution with the British chemist Robert Boyle in the construction of an air pump (1655). Five years later he formulated the law of elasticity that bears his name (Hooke’s law), which establishes the direct proportional relationship between the stretch suffered by a solid body and the force applied to produce that stretch.

Hooke formulated this law as a result of his experiences, in ...

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Discoverer of the vaccine against cholera Jaime Ferrán Clúa

Jaime Ferrán Clúa was born on February 1, 1951 in Corbera de Ebro and died in Barcelona on November 22, 1929, this internationally recognized bacteriologist was one of the first discoverers of a vaccine against cholera and then another against tuberculosis.
He was the son of the village doctor and graduated in Medicine in Barcelona in 1873. He went on to practice as a doctor in Pal del Panadés. By then he had explored the fields of photography, painting and ...

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CancerSEEK a blood test that is capable of detecting eight types of cancer

A team of scientists in the United States has developed a non-invasive blood test called CancerSEEK that can detect signs of eight types of cancer long before the symptoms of the disease appear, one of the great challenges of the investigation. All information on the study of this test has been published in the journal Science.

CancerSEEK represents the first non-invasive blood test, it is a simple blood test that can detect eight types of cancer: ovarian, liver, stomach, ...

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A pioneering trial in Spain will test an artificial pancreas model in 20 people with diabetes

A pioneering clinical trial in Spain, in which the Universitat Politècnica de València, the Health Research Institute (Incliva) of the Hospital Clínic of Valencia, the Clínic de Barcelona and the Higher School Polytechnic of the University of Girona (UdG) are participating in a study of  the effectiveness of an artificial pancreas, It is one of the latest advances in technology applied to health, and will be tested on 20 people with type 1 diabetes treated with CSII, ten from each ...

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Scientists grow beating heart tissue on spinach leaves

A research team headed by Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) scientists has solved a major tissue engineering problem holding back the regeneration of damaged human tissues and organs: how to grow small, delicate blood vessels, which are beyond the capabilities of 3D printing.

The researchers used plant leaves as scaffolds (structures) in an attempt to create the branching network of blood vessels — down to the capillary scale — required to deliver the oxygen, nutrients, and essential molecules ...

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What is the ELISA technique?

ELISA is the acronym for the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). This is a laboratory technique that was designed by Swedish and Dutch scientists in 1971, which allows the detection of small particles called antigens, which are usually fragments of proteins. The identification is specific, that is, it makes small segments of proteins stand out and can not be confused with others.

In order to identify the antigens, molecules with two components are used: an antibody ...

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A device identifies cancerous tissue in seconds during surgery

A group of scientists and engineers at the University of Texas (UT) in Austin (USA) have invented a small portable device that identifies cancerous tissue during surgery in about 10 seconds. The results of the work have been published in the latest issue of the journal Science Translational Medicine.
The so-called MasSpec Pen is shaped like a pen and provides surgeons with accurate information about which tissue to remove or conserve. The authors point out that the system could allow ...

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